We have taken the plunge!! We vow to only feed our dogs Canine approved, RAW, Biologically Appropriate Food from now on!! Certainly including RAW Goats Milk — ‘You shall have enough goats’ milk for your food, for the food of your household, and the nourishment of your maidservants’ (Proverbs 27:27).

I can not and will not tolerate all the nastiness from traditional dog food manufactures any more! All the dead, decaying, diseased, animals MOST leading dry/canned, dog food companies use in the process of making their dog food. All the additives and preservatives that I can not even pronounce, much less spell in order to research it so that I know what exactly I am giving our Cavaliers. We are done. We will source our food from here on out and we will know EXACTLY what we are feeding our dogs. There will be a VERY SHORT list of ingredients. Example: Chicken. Example: Venison. Period. Fact of the matter is, like the old British saying “Half the pedigree goes through the mouth” – you really are what you eat. No matter how fantastic a pedigree, it can be ruined by bad nutrition and bad rearing. Common sense prevails: Dogs need sunshine, exercise, and good, whole, hydrated food.

I realize I will have some critics. I realize not everyone lives on a ranch and sourcing RAW food for your dog can be a challenge. I realize not everyone’s life style or beliefs would allow you to feed your dog this way. I get it and it is ok. I simply will use this platform to do my best to educate why and how we feed our dogs. **Fourpines Cavaliers will work with each new puppy family individually and figure out what will suit each new home best. As always keeping the puppy and dog number one priority. If circumstances mean the puppy/dog will need to be fed kibble, we will trust Holistic Select or better yet, a “pre-made” balanced raw diet to be the best available option.

Now as far as the nuts and bolts of feeding our dogs, I’ll begin with a “simplified” explanation. We feed them chicken, beef, rabbit, turkey, pork, fresh free range eggs (with shell), venison, a few supplements, assorted vegetables, fats/oils, tripe, and home prepared bone broth. On occasion they get herbs, OFFAL, beaver, buffalo, a few varieties of fish, and maybe a few other things I have forgotten. THEY DO NOT GET EACH OF THESES EVERYDAY!!!! THE KEY TO SUCCESSFUL RAW FEEDING IS BALANCE OVER TIME!!!  Ok lets take any particular morning of the week for example. I will set out everyones bowl, place 1 small chicken wing, approximately 1/4 lb ground beef, a TBS ground tripe, 1 (punctured and squeezed) vit E capsule, and 1/2 a tsp coconut oil into everyones bowl. Set the bowls down and everyone devours it!


The reasoning behind this particular diet.

Dogs were designed to eat raw food

We’re all aware that dogs evolved from wolves, however their gastrointestinal systems are still the same as they have always been, uniquely designed to digest prey – bones and all. Combined with seriously strong stomach acids, they can effectively eat a vast array of foods which could easily kill us humans.

Kibble was created for convenience, not with your dogs health in mind

Let’s face it, kibble is effortless. It lasts forever, creates virtually no mess, and takes seconds to serve a portion, so you can see why it’s everyone’s first choice when it comes to dog food. But what many people don’t understand is that kibble contains a high percentage of fillers such as grains, cereals, soy, corn, etc which our dogs haven’t evolved to eat.

By cooking the kibble during the manufacturing process, many proteins and amino acids are broken down leaving a bland product with very little nutritional value, and loads of sugars and starches.

Types of raw food diet

There are two main types of raw feeding, Biologically Appropriate Raw Food or “BARF”  and Prey.

Biologically Appropriate Raw Foods – This is the method we mainly use

Also known as Bones And Raw Food, the BARF diet is a mix of raw meats, bones, fruits and vegetables to mimic what your dog would eat in the it’s natural environment.

The Prey model

Designed to imitate a dog’s natural diet as closely as possible, the Prey model takes BARF to the next level by feeding whole prey whenever possible. This includes whole rabbits, chickens, turkeys and many other small mammals that dogs would hunt or scavenge with their pack. This isn’t one for the faint hearted!

The health benefits of raw dog food

Healthier skin and shinier coat

With better quality food comes a much healthier dog, and it won’t take you long to notice a brilliant glossy coat, with naturally healthy skin underneath.
It’s not uncommon to hear of allergies, rashes or itchy skin and a host of other ailments clearing up after switching to a raw diet as kibble contains many fillers, cereals and grains which some dogs may be allergic to.

Improved immune system

Raw feeding will normalise and strengthen a dog’s immune system. The perfect balance of raw meat and bone will provide all the essential proteins, fats, calcium and minerals that your dog needs.

Leaner, more muscular physique

A raw diet will lead to increased muscle mass and reduced body fat making your dog appear more lean and healthier. This in turn leads to an elevated metabolic rate, greater energy levels, and less strain on hard working joints.

Healthier teeth, gums and breath

The scrubbing, flossing and massaging action of chewing on raw bone leads to naturally cleaner teeth and gums. A cleaner mouth also leads to cleaner breath and you’ll go much longer between teeth cleaning sessions compared to dried food. Some raw feeders literally never NEED to have their dogs teeth cleaned in their entire lives.

Improved stools

Are you tired of picking up sloppy dog mess? Well things are about to change. The improved health of the dog will introduce many benefits here, you can expect smaller, firmer, lower odured stools as your dog is able to absorb much more of the food compared to dried food. *Our dogs go on average once a day, a very small amount. AND the small amount of waste that is eliminated, is literally absorbed into the ground within days.

These are just a handful of the many benefits of raw feeding, with that in mind, why are you still feeding kibble?

Take your vets advice with a pinch of salt

Raw feeding is invariably a controversial topic in the vets office. Many vets are opposed to the practice of raw feeding and will often advise against it, but you have to take their opinion with a pinch of salt. Pet food companies provide financial support for trainee veterinarians, which gains them a certain bias. On top of that, vets will earn a commission on any pet food sold at their surgery. It is also worth bearing in mind that healthier pets mean less visits which leads to less revenue for your local vets surgery. Although the majority of vets share this opinion, vets are slowly taking the concept of raw feeding on board, we certainly hope this trend continues in the future. – Rawdogfood.co


Lets take it slow. We to have been first time “raw feeders” and we understand it can be, and IS, an extremely scary, daunting task. We’ll begin with weaning.

Our puppies are weaned from mom onto raw, organic, locally sourced goats milk. We put the room temperature milk in a small shallow dish into the dams whelping box for her to lap up and the puppies to begin watching and learning from her at around 3 weeks. After a few days of this we will add a very small amount of VERY finely ground venison OR beef. Slowly over the next 7-10 days, balancing the milk to meat ratio to about 50/50. The following week the meat will be a little less finely ground and the ratio will be approximately 75% meat to 25% milk. This is about where we keep the puppies at for one of  their 3 feedings a day until around 12 weeks old.  By 5-6 weeks, meaty bones are also provided. These are great and should NEVER be COOKED. At 6 weeks we begin adding in eggs as well (once a week). From there you can start the process of adding different proteins and OFFAL. Remember when adding a new protein, give a sample, then feed that for 4-5 days before adding another protein. Of course we always provide fresh, clean water at all times. These are our very basic guidelines. Every puppy is different. Every litter is different. Every season is different. By the time puppies are around 6 weeks old we usually know which puppy/puppies we are keeping, which home each is going to and what they will be fed in the future and we work around all of these factors.

OK This first one is one of my favs!

Feeding Puppies Raw Meat

Probably the best, most comprehensive  “beginners guide” I’ve ever seen  https://rawdogfood.co/wp-content/uploads/2014/11/raw_feeding_cheatsheet.pdf   I believe it is in PDF format for you to print as well. PLEASE at least read this article if you are even the slightest bit interested in feeding your dog a raw diet.

Here’s a host of information about the benefits of Raw Goat Milk. It will give you a very good idea as to why we wean our babies onto it. http://www.roseofsharonacres.com/raw_goat_milk_benefits

Another good site with loads of information https://breedingbusiness.com/health/

HERE IS AN AMAZING OPTION!! This company will do EVERYTHING for you. They alternate proteins, include muscle meats, bones, organs, everything. Custom tailored, pre- measured for YOUR pet or pets. It will come frozen and labeled with the dog or cats name. The monthly pre-measured plan also ships for free! https://reelraw.com/pages/pre-measured-service

If you’re spending around $100.00 a month on dog food, this could be a really good option for you.

A typical meal for weaning/weaned puppies

Prep Day

How much raw dog food to feed


You should aim to feed a varied and balanced diet over the course of a week or so, alternating different meats wherever possible. Of course after the initial “trying” each protein as discussed above.

The ideal combination of food types are:

  •  80% raw meat
  •  10% bone
  •  10% offal (half of which should be liver)

Remember, these percentages don’t need to be exact per meal or per day, just a target for the week.

Dogs need to consume 2-3% of their ideal (healthy sized adult) bodyweight per day, usually split over two meals. This figure may be different from one dog to another as you will need to adjust for their current size and activity levels.

If your dog is overweight then feed 2%, likewise if you dog is too skinny, you may want to increase this amount to 3.5%. Start with a percentage and fine tune it over time.

The table below gives a rough feeding weight in both metric and imperial, this is based on 2.5% bodyweight.

Weight in KG Feed Weight in lbs Feed
5kg 125g 10lb 4oz
10kg 250g 20lb 8oz
15kg 375g 35lb 14oz
20kg 500g 45lb 18oz
25kg 625g 55lb 22oz
30kg 750g 65lb 26oz
35kg 875g 80lb 32oz
40kg 1kg 90lb 36oz
45kg 1.125kg 100lb 40oz

Don’t forget that treats count towards the daily allowance so if you’re doing heavy training sessions, you may want to compensate during meal time.

Alright now lets talk about how to make the switch if you are feeding kibble but are fed up with kibble for what ever reason and would like your dog to be on a better, healthier, less expensive diet.

The best way to switch your dog onto raw food is to just do it!  a.k.a. cold turkey. Stop feeding your dog kibble one day, then start on raw food the next morning. This is exactly what we did. You can introduce a “fast” day in between if you like to help clear the dogs system of kibble. Fasting will not harm your dog, in nature dogs are used to going a day or two without food after an unsuccessful hunt.

Please don’t be tempted to mix kibble in with the raw food, you’re best off sticking with 100% raw. Meat and kibble are digested at different rates which isn’t ideal for your dog.
For the first week or two, stick with one variant of food, a safe starter flavour is chicken. Mixing flavours so early on can lead to an upset stomach and unwanted trips to the toilet. Likewise, don’t introduce offal too early, it’s best to leave it 4-5 weeks then introduce it slowly. *refer to weaning puppies

If you already have a puppy or young dog, switching is the same process, perhaps even easier. Puppies love raw dog food, and will very easily take to it. Start puppies off with three meals a day rather than two until they are around 6 months old.


The most accurate way is to feed an amount based on bodyweight percentage. The following table has been devised by Add Ridyard after studying several breeds over a period of time. I of course will be here to guide, help, educate and encourage you every step of the way.

Age in weeks % of bodyweight to feed
7 – 10 8 – 10 %
10 – 16 7.5 – 8.5 %
16 – 20 6.5 – 7.5 %
20 – 24 5.5 – 6.5 %
24 – 36 4.5 – 5.5 %
36 – 56 3.5 – 4.5 %
56 – 68 3.5 %
68 + 2 – 3 %


Continue splitting their daily amount into 3 meals per day. Once your puppy is 4 months old, look into changing this to 2 meals per day. Then around 9 months 1 meal a day. With one meal a day being the goal by it’s first birthday. All of our Cavaliers are fed 1 meal per day. They do all get treats throughout the day and of course their Nuvet and bedtime.

Remember, every dog is different and what applies to one may not apply to another. Dogs have different metabolic rates, activity levels, and breed requirements so bear this in mind.

Now that we have had and introduction and beginning to the basics of Feeding Fourpines Cavaliers, if you choose, you may go onto the next page “Raw Feeding”  There you will find much more information including pictures, links, resources and guidelines for feeding your dog an actual healthy, canine appropriate, raw food diet. 


For anyone wishing to read just a few articles on why I am so fed up with Traditional dog food. Here are a couple. I will be more than happy to supply you with hundreds more.

Exposing the truth, Ann Martin in her book “Food Pet’s Die For”, links the revolting practice and detection of sodium pentobarbital in dog food products. The reason this is such a controversial topic is sodium pentobarbital is linked to a veterinarian drug to euthanize pets!!!

According to “Food Pet’s Die For” By Ann Martin:

“At the rendering plant, slaughterhouse material, restaurant and supermarket refuse, dead stock, road kill, and euthanized companion animals are dumped into huge containers. A machine slowly grinds the entire mess. After it is chipped or shredded, it is cooked at temperatures of between 220 degrees F. and 270 degrees F. (104.4 to 132.2 degrees C.) for twenty minutes to one hour. The grease or tallow rises to the top, where it is removed from the mixture. This is the source of animal fat in most pet foods. The remaining material, the raw, is then put into a press where the moisture is squeezed out. We now have meat and bone meal.”

5 Ingredients You NEVER Want to Find in Your Dog’s Food


12 Dry Dog Food Ingredients Your Dog Should Avoid


These Dog Food Preservatives Could Be Toxic to Your Pet



I will hesitantly add (again) way down here at the bottom for those that can not, will not, or choose not to feed their dogs a raw diet, I will work with you on what food and nutrition is best for your Fourpines Puppy.